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San Fernando Rey de Espana

Page history last edited by wikiuser0011 11 years, 4 months ago

Where is the mission located?

The mission San Fernando Rey de Espana is located north of Los Angeles, California in the town of San Fernando, California.

 

 

 

 

 

 

What group of Indians was living in the area?

The Chumash tribe and the Tongva tribe lived near mission San Fernando Rey de Espana.

 

When was the mission established? What order in the mission chain is it?

This mission was established on June 13th, 1798. It is the seventeenth mission in the chain.

 

 

 

 

 

Who was responsible for starting this mission?  

The mission was established by Father Fermin Lasuen, who was a Franciscan missionary and succsessor to Junipero Serra as President of the missions. 

 

 

 

 

Has the mission moved from its original location?

No, mission San Fernando Rey de Espana has not moved from it's original location.  

 

 

What does the mission look like? Use descriptive words.

Address each of the following:

  • Chapel- The chapel is a 166 by 35 foot rectangle.  The chapel is made of adobe and has a tile roof.  There is a large golden altar inside the chapel with carvings of Jesus on it.  There are pews on either side of the chapel, creating a central aisle.   The chapel is decorated in cream, green, red, and terra cotta colors, which are traditional Spanish hues.  
  • Bell wall or bell tower- The bell tower is a plain two-story square tower. It is wedged in between the chapel and another building bordering the quadrangle.
  • Quadrangle- The quadrangle is a 295 by 315 foot rectangle.  It is bordered on three sides by the bell tower, the chapel, and the Indians' quarters.  A wall borders the last side.  The quadrangle is a lawn with pathways, multiple trees, and a fountain shaped like a flower. 
  • Priests’ quarters-The Priests' quarters are an outbuilding measuring 243 by 50 feet. It is the only outbuilding on the entire mission! It is two stories high and has four foot thick adobe walls. There is a walkway along the lower floor of the Priests' quarters which has 20 arches. Inside, the priests had very small, separate rooms for sleeping.  Their quarters were very simple, each having just one bed and one chair.  Adjoining the Priests' quarters is the kitchen and a small hotel for visitors.
  • Indians’ quarters- The Indian residents lived in two different buildings.  The girls lived in the girls' dorm, which was an L-shaped building bordering the quadrangle. The men either lived as soldiers in the soldiers' quarters or they lived alone in a nearby Indian village.  Both residences were simple living environments. In both residences, the Indians shared a large room filled with cots.  Married couples owned their own homes, with a table, benches, a small kitchen, a few Indian decorations, and cots for everyone in the family.  These homes tended to be one large, but simple, room.
  • Fields, grounds, gardens-  The mission grounds were 121,500 acres of land for growing grape vines and raising livestock.

 

What materials were used to construct the mission?

The mission had dirt floors, tile roofs, and adobe walls coated with plaster.

 

 

 

 

What was the main industry of the mission during the Spanish occupation?

The mission's main industry was the raising of livestock. They took the livestock's hide and made it into shoes, clothes and saddles for their own use and to trade. Rawhide strips were also used in the construction of buildings by lashing the frames together. 

 

 

What, if any, is the main industry of the mission today?

The mission doesn't have a main industry, but it does do tours and allows people to visit.  

 

 

 

 

 

What was the relationship between the Priests and the Indians?

Priests taught Indians how to sing and speak Spanish while the Indians worked.  Missionaries also taught the Indians about the Catholic religion.  Indian children tended to animals and grew crops. 

 

 

 

 

 

Is it possible to visit the mission today?

Yes, it is possible to visit this mission today. 

 

 

 

Find a floor plan of your mission and include it here. 

 

Comments (38)

wikiuser0005 said

at 10:03 am on Jun 10, 2009

You're speaking WAY too fast and too quiet!!

wikiuser0004 said

at 10:04 am on Jun 10, 2009

WAY TOO FAST slow down!

wikiuser0001 said

at 10:04 am on Jun 10, 2009

It would be better if you talked slower and stopped sluring your words.

wikiuser0003 said

at 10:05 am on Jun 10, 2009

you are speaking too fast!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

wikiuser0005 said

at 10:05 am on Jun 10, 2009

None of us can hear you. Could you please stop mummbling!

wikiuser0011 said

at 10:05 am on Jun 10, 2009

Your speaking WAY too fast and i can't hear you or understand

tkeating said

at 10:05 am on Jun 10, 2009

go sloooooower!

wikiuser0009 said

at 10:06 am on Jun 10, 2009

Your mummbling a lot.
;):)

wikiuser0021 said

at 10:06 am on Jun 10, 2009

you should speak loud and clear. But the rest is good.

wikiuser0003 said

at 10:06 am on Jun 10, 2009

Can you please stop sluring your words!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

wikiuser0015 said

at 10:07 am on Jun 10, 2009

SPEAK clearer, louder, and slower!!!!!!!!!

wikiuser0009 said

at 10:07 am on Jun 10, 2009

Did you delete outbuildings?

wikiuser0005 said

at 10:07 am on Jun 10, 2009

I have NO idea where you are. You're speeding through. Please raise your voice.

wikiuser0007 said

at 10:08 am on Jun 10, 2009

Don't mumble and go faster you are going to slow
Pedro#1

wikiuser0012 said

at 10:08 am on Jun 10, 2009

Good details but sssssssssllllllllllllloooooooowwwwww dddooowwwwnnnnn

wikiuser0003 said

at 10:08 am on Jun 10, 2009

where's the outbuildings???

wikiuser0004 said

at 10:09 am on Jun 10, 2009

SLOWER!!!!!! NICK!!!!!

wikiuser0003 said

at 10:09 am on Jun 10, 2009

good details

wikiuser0003 said

at 10:09 am on Jun 10, 2009

good details

wikiuser0016 said

at 10:09 am on Jun 10, 2009

Nice. Good job.
-KH

wikiuser0003 said

at 10:09 am on Jun 10, 2009

well done

wikiuser0004 said

at 10:10 am on Jun 10, 2009

good job.

wikiuser0005 said

at 10:10 am on Jun 10, 2009

We can't respect your work if we can't listen to your work, SERIOSLY!

wikiuser0015 said

at 10:11 am on Jun 10, 2009

You can't take out Questions nick!!!

wikiuser0019 said

at 10:11 am on Jun 10, 2009

Good work. I enjoyed it.

wikiuser0013 said

at 10:11 am on Jun 10, 2009

good job talk slowly next time ok :)

wikiuser0010 said

at 10:11 am on Jun 10, 2009

You were talking way to fast and not load enough. Other wise your fine.
-Audrey


wikiuser0019 said

at 10:12 am on Jun 10, 2009

Good work. I enjoyed it.

tkeating said

at 10:12 am on Jun 10, 2009

I like the green

wikiuser0004 said

at 10:13 am on Jun 10, 2009

I like your mission music.

wikiuser0012 said

at 10:13 am on Jun 10, 2009

really cool visual/auditory

wikiuser0005 said

at 10:13 am on Jun 10, 2009

Good job.Nick. I really like it! But for further refrance PLEASE SLOW DOWN!
~Regan =)

wikiuser0019 said

at 10:13 am on Jun 10, 2009

GOOD VISUAL!!!

wikiuser0005 said

at 10:14 am on Jun 10, 2009

The mission music was AWESOME!

wikiuser0014 said

at 10:14 am on Jun 10, 2009

The visual was good.

wikiuser0003 said

at 10:14 am on Jun 10, 2009

I like the mission music

wikiuser0015 said

at 10:16 am on Jun 10, 2009

A song is not just two tunes and i didn't think it was missiony but it was pretty ok

wikiuser0002 said

at 10:17 am on Jun 10, 2009

I would like it if you talked slower, but otherwise, nice details

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